Cross Spider

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Cross Spider

Common name :  Cross Spider

Latin: Araneus diadematus.     Family:

  1. Season: All year
  2. Size: Female 6.5-20mm /Male 5.5-13mm
  3. Habitat: Gorse bushes, brambles and low lying grasses.
  4. Status: Very Common
  5. Biomap


Location :    Carrig Mill Greystones ,Farrankelly Field 2, North beach Gorse  Greystones,


Wildlife relationships: Gorse


This spider species is commonly called the European garden spiderdiadem spiderorangiecross spider and crowned orb weaver. It is sometimes called the pumpkin spider, although this name is also used for a different species, Araneus marmoreus. It is an orb-weaver spider found in Europe and North America.

The legs of orb-weaver spiders are specialized for spinning orb webs. The webs are built by the larger females who hang head down in the center of the web or remain hidden in nearby foliage, with one claw hooked to a signal line connected to the main orb waiting for a disturbance to signal the arrival of prey. Prey is then quickly bitten and wrapped in silk before being stored for later consumption. The initial bite serves to paralyze the prey and minimize the danger of the spider herself being stung or bitten, and the enzymes thus injected serve to begin liquefaction of the prey’s internal structures.

Alongside the use of the web to capture other prey, the spiders are also cannibals and prey on each other. However, this only happens before, during or after sexual activity. They attack based on their size, sexual experience and hunger levels.

  1. diadematusis a reclusive creature and only bites humans if cornered or otherwise provoked. It responds to a disturbance by vibrating rapidly in its web until it becomes a blur, a reaction that is assumed to confuse potential predators.

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